The data brokerage market is highly fragmented. Gartner estimates there may be up to 5,000 data brokers worldwide, plus nearly 10 million open datasets published by government agencies and non-governmental organisations (NGOs).
In most countries, this market is not regulated and not homogeneous; rather, it is composed of small, narrowly segmented submarkets.
It is also a very dynamic market. New companies often enter it, others leave, and mergers and acquisitions occur. Some organisations that are not data brokers per se are recognising that their own data can bring in revenue, so they are either licensing their raw data or sharing derived insights with their partners, as if they were data brokers.
“All these factors make it challenging for organisations to understand the offerings available in this market,” says Valerie Logan, research director, Gartner.
“You need to start your evaluation efforts by taking initial steps toward understanding data brokers and what they provide.”
A data broker is a business that aggregates information from a variety of sources; processes it to enrich, cleanse or analyse it; and licenses it to other organisations - they are sometimes also called an information broker, syndicated data broker or information product company.
Gartner predicts that by 2019, 75 percent of analytics solutions will incorporate 10 or more data sources from second-party partners or third-party providers.
A high level taxonomy
Data brokers can be categorised by the type of data provided.
For example, it can be consumer data (about individuals such as name and phone number), commercial data (about companies), scientific and technical data (such as weather, natural events or drug studies), real estate information (about homes, farms or commercial properties) or geolocation data (such as global positioning, streets and traffic conditions).
Data brokers tend to specialise in certain industries in order to gain a competitive advantage, and they often target specific functions within organisations, such as sales, finance or human resources.
In addition, brokers can also be categorised by the level of insight provided:
- Simple data services are the most common. Data brokers collect data from multiple sources and offer it in collected and conditioned form — data which would otherwise be fragmented, conflicted and sometimes unreliable.
- Smart data services provide conditioned and calculated data, with analytical rules and calculations applied to derive further insight from the collected data and aid the decision-making process.
- Adaptive data services apply analysis to a customer’s request-specific data combined with data in a context store. This is a more advanced form of service.
- Free: Everything is accessible without a fee
- Freemium: Part of the offering is free; part of it you have to pay for
- Paid: Everything is available only after the customer pays for it, either by subscription, pay per use or a combination of these two models