Microsoft leaned on us, says Compaq official

Microsoft threatened to revoke Compaq Computer's Windows 95 license if the computer maker did not install Microsoft's Internet Explorer icon on its Presario line of PCs, according to documents filed by the US Department of Justice this week. Stephen Decker, Compaq's director of software procurement, said in a deposition to DOJ investigators that if Compaq chose Netscape's Navigator browser over Microsoft's browser, 'Microsoft would terminate our [Windows 95] agreement.' Gateway 2000 and Micron have presented evidence of similar experiences.

Microsoft threatened to revoke Compaq Computer's Windows 95 license if the computer maker did not install Microsoft's Internet Explorer icon on its Presario line of PCs, according to documents filed by the US Department of Justice this week.

Stephen Decker, Compaq's director of software procurement, said in a deposition to DOJ investigators that if Compaq chose Netscape's Navigator browser over Microsoft's browser, "Microsoft would terminate our [Windows 95] agreement," according to reports published by Reuters and Dow Jones.

Microsoft spokesman Greg Shaw acknowledged today in a phone interview that Microsoft said it would withdraw Compaq's Windows 95 license if Compaq refused to display the Internet Explorer icon. However, Shaw said that testimonies like Decker's emerging from the DOJ investigation are "a dramatic mischaracterisation of what happened."

Decker gave his testimony last week as part of a DOJ investigation into whether Microsoft is unfairly leveraging the popularity of its Windows operating system to ensure that computer manufacturers promote its Web browser software, the reports said.

Decker told the department that Compaq had wanted to install the Navigator browser on its desktops because the two companies had an existing relationship, but that in the end Compaq capitulated to Microsoft's demands and installed the Internet Explorer icon instead, according to the reports.

Decker did not return a call seeking comment yesterday.

Reiterating the position Microsoft has taken since the DOJ's investigation was announced Monday, Shaw said Microsoft's browser and operating system have been so closely integrated in Windows 95 that they are essentially two parts of the same product.

"We try to present a consistent user interface regardless of what brand of PC a customer is buying," Shaw said. "If part of the contract is that you run Windows in its entirety, then that includes Internet Explorer and that is a contractual obligation."

When manufacturers agree to license the OS, they implicitly agree to install the Internet Explorer icon, Shaw said.

One analyst said that if the statements made by Compaq officials are accurate, Microsoft potentially could be in violation of the consent decree. But he cautioned that since Microsoft has not yet stated its case, it was too early to draw conclusions.

"It'll be interesting to see how Microsoft puts out its version of events," said Jim Balderston, an analyst at Zona Research.

Microsoft was given eleven days to respond to the DOJ's petition in writing. A judge will then decide if a hearing is appropriate.

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