Job seekers who go to online sites to look for employment run a considerable risk of having their personal information improperly sold, shared or used for profiling purposes.
That's the finding of a year-long study on the privacy practices of job-related websites that was released this week by The World Privacy Forum, a privacy rights organisation in San Diego.
The study of more than 70 online job sites, employment kiosks, resume databases and resume distribution services has revealed problems such as the sharing and sale of job-seeker data and undisclosed tracking and profiling of users, according to primary researcher Pam Dixon.
"We really need a whole new way of talking with job seekers about how they can look for jobs and not get [their personal information] tracked, diced and sliced in multiple ways," Dixon says.
Companies that allow potential hires to file job applications online aren't faultless either, Dixon says. Often they fail to mention that their sites are outsourced to third parties that may have privacy policies that are different from their own.
The rapid proliferation of employment application job kiosks inside shopping malls and retail stores also presents a problem because few of them post any privacy policies when collecting confidential information, Dixon says.
One example highlighted in the study was Portland, Oregon-based Unicru, which is the largest operator of these kiosks. Unicru's clients include Woonsocket, Rhode Island-based pharmacy chain CVS.
A Unicru spokeswoman says the company's practices meet legal guidelines.
In some cases, information that was collected for one purpose was being used for other purposes, the study says.
Fastweb.com, a scholarship search service owned by Maynard, Massachusetts-based Monster, collected information on ethnicity, nationality and religion from students for scholarship purposes but then shared the information with employers looking to diversify their workforces.
A spokesman for Fastweb says that in all instances in which such information was passed on to an employer, it was done only with the full consent of the students.
Another example cited in the report was Cambridge, Massachusetts-based Eliyon Technologies, which maintains profiles of over 16 million individuals from over 1 million companies. The profiles are used by 25 of the Fortune 100 firms in their recruitment processes.
Jonathan Stern, CEO of Eliyon, dismisses the concerns and says the information in the company's databases is compiled from publicly available records.