Technology stocks are up for the year as shares of many vendors are back to pre-recession levels, but recent company results and market research reports have been mixed, calling into question how some vendors will fare next year.
Though semiconductor industry executives forecast growth for next year, their outlook is more subdued than a year ago, according to KPMG's Global Semiconductor Industry Survey, released this week.
Overall expectations for revenue growth increased slightly, with 77 percent of those polled saying they believe chip sales will increase, compared to 75 percent last year, according to the survey. However, there was a decline in the number of executives expecting growth in excess of 10 percent, with only 16 percent of those surveyed forecasting a double-digit increase, compared to 24 percent last year.
"The decline appears to be linked to several factors, including the slowing growth rates of wireless handsets in many markets increasing the difficulty of meaningful sales expansion," the report said. "Mobility demand remains favorable but the larger customer base is dampening the attractive growth trends semiconductor companies have enjoyed from mobile products in recent years."
The good news is that the 193 semiconductor industry business leaders surveyed agreed that new markets will continue to emerge over the next three years. They foresee less dependence on, for instance, wireless handsets, consumer electronics and computer hardware, with new opportunities the alternative energy, automotive and medical markets.
Increasingly, more chip makers are seeking opportunities for embedded devices in cars and industrial equipment. Chip maker Texas Instruments, facing intense competition in the market for mobile devices, is one of them. Its shares have risen about 40 percent this year. However, this week, in a sign of increasing price competition, it lowered the top end of its outlook for the fourth quarter this year. It now expects revenue to hit a maximum of US$3.04 billion, compared with its prior estimate of $3.10 billion. It also lowered the top end of its guidance for earnings per share, from $0.50 to $0.48.
A lower growth forecast from networking giant Cisco also made headlines this week, when CFO Frank Calderone laid out an updated revenue picture for the company at its annual financial analyst conference.
Cisco is forecasting a compound annual growth rate for sales of between 3 percent and 6 percent for the next three to five years, curbing its earlier prediction of 5 percent to 7 percent. As growth in its core networking business slows, Cisco is trying to expand its portfolio of products to compete in the broader IT market against the likes of IBM and Hewlett-Packard. Cisco is aiming for increased sales in data center and wireless products as well as services.
There was good news this week as well. Growth in LTE networks around the world is helping some networking, chip and hardware vendors, according to several research notes this week from Canaccord Genuity. In a report on Apple, Canaccord analyst Michael Walkley reiterated his "buy" rating and raised his target share price for Apple to $600 from $580.
"We believe the imminent TD-LTE iPhone launch with the world's largest carrier China Mobile could bolster March Q iPhone sales and offset some of the anticipated sharp decline in iPhone sales post the holiday selling season," Walkley wrote. "Given these trends, we have increased our F2014 and F2015 iPhone unit estimates. "
Canaccord also reiterated its "buy" rating on chip maker Broadcom after the vendor's analyst day Tuesday. An LTE deal with Samsung "Should drive meaningful revenue in 2014 and expectations for double-digit growth for Networking and Infrastructure," analyst Bobby Burleson said in a research note.
In the PC arena, the steep decline in units shipped this year should level off in 2014 as demand improves in emerging markets, according to Morgan Stanley Research.
The biggest drag on the PC market this year was a decline in demand in emerging markets. But as a surge in interest in tablets in both emerging and developed economies levels off, and Microsoft support for XP ends next year, spurring sales of new machines, the abrupt drop in demand for PCs should ease, Morgan Stanley said. Though the company still predicts a 4 percent drop in units shipped, that would be better than the 10 percent decline this year.
The stock market ended mostly flat this week as the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the Standard & Poor's 500 declined for the second week in a row. The Nasdaq Computer Index also declined, closing at 1968.00, down from its 1999.84 close last Friday. Still, tech stocks are at their highest point since the third quarter of 2000 and are up about 26 percent for the year.